In this blog I will describe how to configure the Citrix NetScaler as Forward Proxy. This installation/screenshots are based on an NetScaler VPX 1000 Platinum license, so there could be some slide differents between the screenshots. The Citrix NetScaler is a good product for replacing Microsoft TMG. Microsoft TMG is end-of-life so customers a searching for another solution. Besides Forward Proxy the Citrix NetScaler could also be an Reserve Proxy. This will be explained in another blog shortly.
In order to use the Citrix NetScaler as forward proxy you should have at least the NetScaler Enterprise or NetScaler Platinum edition license available, because the cache redirection feature needs to configured for this.
Configure Citrix NetScaler as Forward Proxy
Select System, Settings, Configure Advanced Features
Select at least Cache Redirection and click OK
Select Configure Basic Features
Select at least Content Filter and Load Balancing and click OK
Create DNS Load Balancing
The Cache Redirection Feature requires an DNS Load Balancing VIP in order to work. So this is the first step.
Select Traffic Management, Load Balancing, Servers
Server Name: I used ExternalGateway because I have just one DNS server in my homelab.
IPAddress: Enter the IPAddress of the DNS server
Create for every DNS server you want to use an Server.
Select Service Group
Name: DNSServer (choose the Name you want)
Click on Members under Advanced on the right side
Click on No Service Group Member
Select Server Based
Server Name: select at least one of the created Servers.
If you want to add more, select x Service Group Member(s) and repeat above steps!! Else click Done
Select Virtual Servers
Name: ExternalDNS (or something else)
IP Address Type: Non Addressable
I selected Non Addressable because I don’t have to have access to this Load Balancing DNS Virtual Server outside the Citrix NetScaler
Click on Service Group under Advanced on the right side
Click on No Load Balancing Virtual Server ServiceGroup Binding
Click on Click to select
Select DNSServer (or the name you choose in the above steps)
Click on Bind
Create Cache Redirection Server
Now we can create an cache redirection server
Select Traffic Management, Cache Redirection, Virtual Servers
Name: The Virtual Server Name you like
IP Address: The IP Address the Virtual Server should respond on (this IP Address needs to be configured on the clients as well)
Port: The Port the Virtual Server should respond on
Cache Type: FORWARD
Click on Policies under Advanced on the right side
Click on To add, please click on the + icon
Choose Policy: Filter
I choose Filter as policy because I want to create rules which server as access to a particular website.
Click Click to select to bind policies
Filter Name: Dropsites
Expression: REQ.HTTP.HEADER Host NOTCONTAINS www.rickroetenberg.com
Request Action: Drop
With this expression every request will be dropped by the NetScaler unless you requesting www.rickroetenberg.com
REQ.HTTP.HEADER Host CONTAINS www.rickroetenberg.com && REQ.IP.SOURCEIP == 10.0.0.102
In this example www.rickroetenberg.com will be dropped on the server with IP 10.0.0.102. All other servers/workstation which use the Citrix NetScaler as proxy will be allowed the visit every website.
Click Create Click OK